Quick Guide – Peru

Rainbow Mountain, Peru
Rainbow Mountain, Peru

Peru is undoubtedly one of the most fantastic travel destinations in the world!

The colorful and lush Andean culture, inherited mainly from the Inca Empire, will vibrate throughout your trip.

The magic of Machu Picchu, the highest mountain chain in the world, the wonderful cuisine, the Amazon Rainforest, the exciting activities of nature exploration, breathtaking scenarios, Peru is undoubtedly one of the world’s top destinations to travel.



Official language

Spanish (80% of the population) and Quechua (zone of the Andes). In more touristy areas, English can be an alternative.


  • Official Currency – Nuevo Sol (PEN). The US Dollar is also commonly used (notes only in good condition). See change (Link);
  • It is convenient to have a small amount of local money in your wallet for day to day expenses;
  • Credit and ATM cards – current use in major cities and tourist areas;
  • Cambio – It is not recommended to exchange money anywhere because there are many counterfeit notes in circulation. Ask for an appointment at the hotel or at the official tourism office. At the border or at the airport, exchange just enough for most immediate expenses, because the exchange rate is usually not good.


Peru theoretically has two main seasons: the dry season (april to october) and the rainy season (november to march). However, the climate in Peru varies depending on the geographic region.

In the area of ​​the main tourist attractions (Cusco, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca, etc.), the best time is during the dry season, with the busiest months being june and august. The thermal amplitudes are enormous, being able to vary between 25 degrees during the day and near   negative temperatures at night. You can visit these attractions in the wet season, but you must be lucky not to catch bad weather.


The maximum stay in Peru is 183 days a year and it is necessary to have a passport with a validity of at least 6 months. It is not possible to extend the visa after entry into Peru, and the tourist visa is only one entry. A proof of departure ticket may be required upon arrival.

Depending on your country of origin, you may be exempt from visas by presenting only your national identity document or passport.

Main Airports

Jorge Chaves LIM International Airport (Lima);

Airport Teniente Alejandro Velasco Astete CUZ (Cuzco);

Alfredo Rodríguez Ballón International Airport AQP (Arequipa)

International Airport Captain FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos TRU (Trujillo).


GMT – 5

Telecommunications and Internet

  • Country Code Phone Number + 51
  • Phone calls – It is recommended to buy a prepaid card from a local carrier and use it on the mobile phone itself. Calls are cheap;
  • Internet – wi-fi offer usually in hotels, restaurants, cafes and cyber cafes


80% Catholic Religion


Generally speaking, it is not recommended to drink tap water, or eat not disinfected vegetables or fruits.

Vaccines against hepatitis, tetanus, typhoid and polio are recommended.

In areas of the Amazon Rainforest and irrigated areas of the coast it is recommended to protect against insects (repellents, cover the skin with clothing and sleep on a mosquito net). Yellow fever vaccine and protection against malaria are also recommended in these areas.

In high-altitude areas (over 3000m), people can feel the “disease of altitude” (el soroche, as it is known by locals), which can turn into respiratory difficulties, headaches and fatigue. The ideal is to make the ascent gradually, avoiding to migrate from regions near the sea level directly to areas above 3,000 meters. It is recommended to be moderate in the ingestion of solids and liquids within the first few hours after arrival, to allow adaptation, as well as avoiding great physical effort  on the first day. Locals recommend to chew coca leaf or drink coca mate and, in more difficult cases take the appropriate medication (soroche). People with heart problems should consult their doctor before going to these areas.

In the zones of the coast, it is advisable sun protection.

Access to healthcare facilities may not be accessible in all regions of the country and can be expensive. However, in the Capital, there are good clinics and private hospitals.

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